Falls are a main cause of morbidity and disability in the older population. More than one-third of persons aged 65 years and over fall each year, and in half of such cases the falls are recurring.

Falls affect older adults in many ways.

Common physical injuries include:

  • Hip and wrist fractures
  • Hip and shoulder dislocations
  • Head injuries and abrasions
  • Bruising and sprains

Common psychological risks from a fall include:

  • Reduced quality of life
  • Fear of falling
  • Loss of confidence
  • Increase in poor mental health such as depression
  • Physical health deterioration from a subsequent restriction of activities

Remember: falls are preventable, and strength and balance can be regained after a fall, with appropriate exercise.